California’s small, rural towns are supposedly desperate and doomed, as state policy favors our coastal mega-regions.
So how do you explain Gonzales?
Despite its location in the high-poverty Salinas Valley, the city of 9,000 has relatively low crime, 95-percent high school graduation rates, new health facilities, sustainable infrastructure, and a streak of economic development victories.
Most intriguingly, Gonzales has turned its small size into an advantage. Building on stable leadership — the city manager, Rene Mendez, is in his 13th year — Gonzales has kept city government streamlined so that it can move faster in planning and project approval, a valuable trait in slow, bureaucratic California. An example: A large vegetable processing plant for Taylor Farms was proposed in July 2013—and completed in April 2014.
Speed works. In the past three fiscal years, Gonzales’s tax base has grown by 17 percent, 19 percent, and 20 percent, respectively. Those gains represent more than 1,200 new jobs. Gonzales companies are oriented toward technology, agriculture and the environment. Among them are HealthySoil, which manufactures products that improve crop production; and Ramsay Highlander, which designs and manufactures advanced harvesting equipment. Soon, Gonzales will be home to a 130,000-square-foot Mann Packing facility.
Gonzales’s approach is unconventional among California small towns. The more typical formula is to beautify the town center and develop a signature entertainment venue that attracts visitors, while chasing major retailers like Costco to produce high levels of sales tax for municipal coffers.
But Gonzales, somewhat isolated, was not a natural fit for tourism and malls. Instead of chasing visitors and big retailers, Mendez wanted the city to focus on its own residents. So the city has enhanced its industrial footprint and taken advantage of nearby agriculture. Gonzales doesn’t have a Costco but produces the vegetable trays you buy there.
Mendez says that since his small city lacks bureaucracy, he and other officials must build relationships themselves with businesses and other stakeholders. In environment-obsessed Monterey County, Gonzales has learned that partnerships require investments in sustainability. Gonzales built a wind turbine, its tallest structure and most distinguishing landmark, to accommodate Taylor Farms, which does extensive recycling of water and waste and relies on solar power and onsite cogeneration in its Gonzales facility.
Many of Gonzales’s partnerships, involving everything from college readiness to career skills, are designed to serve its youthful population: 60 percent of residents are below age 35, and more than one-third are 18 or younger. In 2013, the city and school district jointly created a Youth Council that tackles community improvement projects and shapes policy, recently on medical marijuana and underage drinking. Two Youth Council members have non-voting seats on the city council.
But the best example of the Gonzales way may involve health care.
Five years ago, the city had just one full-time doctor who was overwhelmed by patients needing her services. So the city convinced Salinas Valley Memorial Healthcare System to open a facility there. A million-dollar donation from Taylor Farms led the fundraising campaign to get that clinic built. That might have been enough in some places, but simultaneously, the city was negotiating with non-profit Clinica de Salud to set up a second clinic. Gonzales now has six doctors and four dentists.
Gonzales’s record is less impressive on other issues, especially housing. The city is badly overcrowded, with 4.1 persons per household. Mendez notes that Gonzales hasn’t managed to build even one single-family home since 2005, though that’s not for lack of effort. The city is working on three new developments that could produce more than 6,000 housing units, as well as new schools and a library. But none have been built, as developers and the city struggle with familiar California issues of ownership, financing, and regulation.
In California, small, freewheeling cities have been viewed with suspicion because of scandals like the one in Bell, where the city manager plundered $5.5 million, via inflated salaries. But Mendez, whose $190,000 annual pay is about average for a city manager, says Gonzales shows that smaller cities can use their freedom for progress if they make smart partnerships, including with each other. “Our types of communities have to do a better job of working together to pursue jobs and advocate for each other,” he says.
Gonzales has more to do. Community development director Thomas Truszkowski took me around and talked about infrastructural improvements, including perhaps a second turbine. Gonzales also could use a hotel — to accommodate visiting executives and employees of its growing businesses.
Joe Mathews writes the Connecting California column for Zócalo Public Square.