LOS ANGELES — Democrat Gavin Newsom was elected California governor Tuesday, ensuring harsh criticism and resistance to President Donald Trump will continue from the top official in the nation's most populous state.
Newsom defeated Republican John Cox with a pledge to spur a rapid bump in housing construction, bring about universal health care and help impoverished children. He'll replace Gov. Jerry Brown, one of Trump's chief antagonists.
For the past eight years Newsom has been lieutenant governor, a position with almost no power. Before that, as San Francisco mayor, he rocketed into the global spotlight when he ordered the issuing of marriage licenses to same-sex couples when it wasn't legal.
Newsom, 51, promised similarly bold moves on the priorities of his party's liberal base.
For Newsom, the pivotal moment in the campaign came in June, when Cox finished second in a crowded primary field where the top two advance regardless of party affiliation.
Facing a Republican provided a huge advantage in the state where the GOP has 3.8 million fewer registered voters than the Democratic Party.
Newsom spent much of the campaign raising money and holding rallies for Democrats running for seats in Congress and the Legislature, building goodwill with lawmakers with whom he'll be working.
Cox, 63, a lawyer and investor living in the San Diego area, hammered relentlessly on California's high cost of living, for which he blamed Newsom and the Democrats who control the Legislature and every statewide office. He pledged to cut taxes and roll back environmental laws that he says obstruct housing construction.
He downplayed his conservative stances on social issues — he opposes abortion and made inflammatory comments about gay marriage a decade ago — but was unable to persuade voters to give him a shot. He also was hurt by support from Trump, who is very unpopular in the state.
Newsom has made himself a foil for Trump in California, a state that has passed laws and filed lawsuits aimed at thwarting the president's agenda on health care, immigration and climate change. He's drawn the ire of Trump, who has mocked Newsom's policies and at one rally called him "this clown in California who's running for governor."
Newsom will take over Jan. 7 from Brown, California's longest-serving governor. Brown has twice served back-to-back terms, the first from 1975-1983 and then again starting in 2011. California now has term limits only allowing a candidate to serve eight years as governor.
When he assumes control, Newsom will find a Democratic Legislature antsy to boost spending for the social safety net and higher education after eight years of Brown holding the line on such spending. He'll inherit strong state finances with billions in budget reserves and a surplus, but also the ever-present threat that an economic downturn will once again force cuts in a state that disproportionately relies on income taxes paid by the wealthy.
Before he was a politician, Newsom in his early 20s opened a wine store in San Francisco, the start of a business empire that's grown to include about two dozen bars, restaurants, liquor stores, wineries and hotels. The PlumpJack Group, as it's known, is now led by his sister, but will present an ethics challenge for him as governor.
He's been adamant that he won't sell his interests, so he'll have to avoid creating conflicts or the appearance that his position is helping him profit in the highly regulated industries where he operates.
Newsom got his start in politics when San Francisco's legendary mayor, Willie Brown, appointed him to the city parking commission and later to a vacant seat on the Board of Supervisors, San Francisco's city council. He was considered a centrist candidate for mayor in a the famously liberal city and won, making national headlines for defying the law on gay marriage and extending health care benefits to everyone in the city.
He considered running for governor in 2010 but stepped aside when Brown made clear he'd be on the ballot. Newsom ran for lieutenant governor instead.