Production has resumed at the Alon refinery on Rosedale Highway, ending a half-year hiatus brought on by difficult financial conditions.
The restart was confirmed Wednesday by an official with the union that used to represent workers at the plant.
The refinery's Dallas-based owner, Alon USA Energy Inc., declined to comment.
A resumption of refining at the plant is good news to its 100 or so full-time employees and dozens of others who provide it with maintenance, security or trucking services.
Observers have continued to question the refinery's long-term viability, pointing to Alon's declining profits, especially on the West Coast, and challenges with purchasing crude oil and bringing in feedstock from the plant's sister complex in south Los Angeles County.
In May, CEO Paul Eisman told analysts that despite tough conditions in California, he expects to see the company's operations here return to being year-round.
Eisman noted in the same earnings conference call that the Bakersfield refinery's prospects had improved because of the vast potential of the rich Monterey Shale oil reservoir -- even though the Bakersfield refinery does not process crude, only vacuum gas oil brought in from the Long Beach area.
In mid-January, roughly a month into an operational break attributed to maintenance needs, Alon let go an undisclosed number of local contract workers. Company officials blamed the interruption on poor refining margins, meaning Alon was having a hard time turning a profit given the difference between what it pays for crude oil and the price at which it sells wholesale diesel, gasoline and other petroleum products.
The December hiatus came just about six months after the refinery reopened after a change of ownership. The plant has not operated for 12 consecutive months since 2008.
On Wednesday, a spokeswoman for the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District said seven units at the refinery are running, though it was unclear how many units were needed to resume normal operations.
The spokeswoman's supervisor, district communications chief Jamie Holt, downplayed the significance of having those units running, emphasizing that this is not a definite indication that the refinery is fully functional.
"The air district in no way is saying that (the refinery is) up and running," Holt said. She added that the agency has permit authority over certain equipment at the plant but that it does not issue refining permits.